Indonesia has significantly improved the welfare of its citizen within the last decades. However, substantial challenges remain in alleviating poverty and creating economic opportunities. Women are particularly more vulnerable and remain among the poorest of the poor, often unable to access government social protection programs.
To address this issue, the Government of Indonesia, represented by the National Planning and Development Agency (BAPPENAS), and the Government of Australia, represented by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), launched an eight-year joint poverty alleviation initiative in 2012.
Having successfully completed Phase I in 2016, the “Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment” continues to focus its interventions to empower poor women in Phase II of the Program through capacity building, advocacy, amplifying women’s voice and influence and improving access to public services. .
The MAMPU Program goal is to improve the access of poor women in Indonesia to essential services and other government programs in order to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment, and support the achievement the Government of Indonesia’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of relevance to MAMPU.
In the Phase II, MAMPU focuses on improving policies, regulations and government services through a partnership between inclusive coalitions of civil society organisations and other institutions that are concerned with and committed to helping resolve gender issues in development (see MAMPU Partners below)..
WHERE MAMPU WORKS
MAMPU working areas in Phase II includes 27 out of 34 provinces in Indonesia, 145 municipalities/ regencies, 461 sub-districts, reaching more than 936 villages, where partners work directly with women and related stakeholders*. Marginalised women in Indonesia with whom MAMPU’s partnes work include women-headed households, women migrant workers, women with disabilities, elderly women, and young girls and teenagers lacking knowledge and power over reproductive and health rights.
Five Thematic Areas
MAMPU focuses on the following thematic areas:
1. Improving access to GOI’s social protection programs
2. Improving conditions of employment and removing workplace discrimination
3. Improving conditions for women’s overseas labour migration
4. Improving women’s health and nutritional status
5. Reducing violence against women
STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES
To achieve the stated objectives, MAMPU Phase II works through and contributes to existing government systems, and works more closely with GOI Ministries/ Agencies, both at the national and regional levels.
The approach used is through the collaboration of civil society organisations (CSO) networks with the National and Regional Governments to strengthen women's leadership, community participation and political representation in order to support the strengthening of policies, regulations and services that meet women's needs. As MAMPU enters Phase II it will focus on assisting Partners to expand their networks and building coalitions for change, strengthening engagement with government and parliament and develop strategies for far-reaching and long lasting women’s empowerment and gender equality.
PRINCIPLES IN PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
MAMPU is implemented based on these principles:
EXPECTED OUTCOMESMAMPU’s success assessed by measuring the extent to which the program able to improve the access of poor women to public services and other government programs to achieve gender equality, and empower women and support the Government of Indonesia in achieving relevant SDG objectives.
It is estimated that after an eight years implementation, impacting on policy, regulatory, and public service system, this program will provide a positive contribution to more than three million poor women in Indonesia.
The MAMPU Program is directly implemented by MAMPU partners, which consist of a consortium or women’s and gender-interested organisations that work collectively with local networks under the program’s working areas in villages across Indonesia working directly with women who are poor. In PHASE II MAMPU works with XX Partners and their XX sub-partners. The main MAMPU partners in Phase II are:
- Yayasan BaKTI, the Support Office for Eastern Indonesia (SOfEI)
- Forum Pengada Layanan (FPL), Indonesia Women’s Crisis Center Network
- Institut KAPAL Perempuan, KAPAL Perempuan Institute
- Koalisi Perempuan Indonesia (KPI), the Indonesian Women's Coalition for Justice and Democracy
- Komnas Perempuan, the National Commission on Anti-Violence against Women
- Migrant CARE
- Perempuan Kepala Keluarga (PEKKA), Women Headed Family Empowerment
- Perempuan Sumetera MAMPU (PERMAMPU)
- Trade Union Rights Center (TURC)
- Yayasan Annisa Swasti (Yasanti)
- Mitra Wanita Pekerja Rumahan Indonesia (MWPRI), and
- Yayasan Kesehatan Perempuan (YKP), Women’s Health Forum
Each MAMPU partner was selected based on their particular strength to improve the effectiveness, accelerate and enlarge the achievement of outcomes that are the MAMPU’s goals.
*Data June 2017, from MAMPU internal database MANIS.