The four organisations under Thematic Area 2 do not work through a local network. They are national organisations, with local branches, directly implementing activities in areas where they represent female homeworkers. Indonesian Homeworkers, or home-based workers produce, assemble, or finish products on a piece rate basis such as footwear, clothing, embroidery, cooking products and rattan products for domestic and international markets.
1. BITRA - Yayasan Bina Keterampilan Pedesaan Indonesia / BITRA Indonesia Foundation / Foundation for Rural Capacity Building
Established in 1986, BITRA works with poor and marginalized communities in rural areas to provide education and training opportunities to increase human capacity and community empowerment. They advocate for policies that support marginalised people, build strategic alliances to promote human development policies, and raise public awareness on matters of policy advocacy and economic empowerment.
BITRA’s work with MAMPU began in 2014. Since commencing they have organized over 500 poor women into ‘Homeworker Groups’ in 28 villages across 5 regencies of North Sumatra. BITRA have developed the capacity of members through training and awareness-raising in their rights, and supported income generation by forming credit unions. BITRA work closely with homeworkers to support them in their discussions and negotiations with employers and businesses. Policy advocacy is key to their work and they have worked with government and parliaments to develop draft provincial regulations recognising homeworkers.
2. MWPRI – Mitra Wanita Pekerja Rumahan Indonesia / Indonesian National Network of Women Homeworkers
MWPRI was founded in 1996 and is a network organisation dedicated to empowering women homeworkers. It does this by advocating for social protection for women home-based workers; ratification of ILO C177 - Home Work Convention, 1996 (No. 177) and the empowerment and strengthening of women workers organizations. Based in Malang, East Java, it has approximately 20,000 members. As a member of HomeNet South East Asia, MWPRI also collaborates with other networks of home-based workers in the region.
Since commencing their MAMPU-funded work in 2014, MWPRI has organized over 1,000 women homeworkers in 30 villages across 8 districts of East Java. They develop the capacity of women members to understand their rights and negotiate with employers. In close contact with the other 4 organisations in theme 2, MWPRI works on two key issues: continued strengthening of local homeworker groups, and influencing district and provincial government regulations covering the rights of homeworkers in the workplace. In 2016, MWPRI successfully contributed to placing a proposed regulation on the provincial legislative agenda.
3. TURC – Trade Union Rights Centre
The Trade Union Rights Centre (TURC) was established in 2003 and supports the development of an independent trade union movement in Indonesia. It represents workers by advocating for reforms to national and local labour laws and build workers capacity to organize.
Since joining MAMPU in 2014 TURC has worked with other NGOs and Trade Unions, organizing almost 300 women homeworkers in 22 villages in Solo and Sukoharjo districts (Central Java), completing research on homeworkers, and using the findings to develop a policy position paper. TURC advocacy activities focuses on homeworkers supplying national and international companies with branded products. This strategy will support stronger organizing and advocacy to benefit these homeworkers
4. YASANTI – Yayasan Anisa Swasti
Founded in 1982, Yasanti is a non-governmental women’s organisation based in Yogyakarta. Yasanti empowers home-based workers through community organising, education, advocacy, and strengthening women’s economic independence.
Since 2014, Yasanti’s MAMPU-funded activities have involved organizing over 900 women homeworkers in 44 groups in 28 villages in 5 districts of DI Yogyakarta and Central Java. By forming credit unions, training and supporting members to negotiate with employers, Yasanti have steadily developed the capacity of women homeworkers. Their strategy will increasingly take a more strategic approach that recognizes that homeworkers occupy different positions across the ‘supply chain’. Yasanti also combine this grassroots work with advocacy to ensure that regulations provide better protection for homeworkers.