Indonesian women continue to be more vulnerable to poverty, and lag behind in workforce participation, access to basic services and indicators of wellbeing. Gender inequality is persistent, underpinned by social norms and reinforced by institutions.
WHAT DOES MAMPU AIM TO CHANGE AND HOW?
MAMPU aims to improve the access of poor women to essential services and other government programs in order to contribute to gender equality and women’s empowerment. Through MAMPU, CSOs engage with the Government of Indonesia, parliament and other stakeholders at national and subnational levels to improve polices, regulations and access to government services that affect poor women in five thematic areas:
- Improving access to GoI social protection programs;
- Improving conditions of employment and removing workplace discrimination;
- Improving conditions for women's overseas labour migration
- Improving women's health and nutritional status
- Reducing violence against women.
Get to know MAMPU Partners better here.
MAMPU’s design and approach is based on the understanding that networks of selected civil society organisations - the MAMPU Partners - can play a pivotal role in shaping government reform to the benefit of poor women. With continued MAMPU support, these organisations will increasingly work collectively and in concert with allies in government, parliament, and the private sector to pursue their goals. Critically, this agenda builds from work with women at the grassroots level across Indonesia to support them to apply influence to address their local contexts.
MAMPU provides support directly to civil society organisations and their sub-partners to reach out to marginalised women. The women’s movement in Indonesia has a track record of driving change and MAMPU’s approach allows them the space to respond to the needs of their beneficiaries, while acting strategically to influence national reform. MAMPU’s approach is guided by the following key principles
Ultimately MAMPU’s success will be judged by the extent to which it has expanded the access of poor women to public services and programs. Equally as important, is the extent to which these changes have been influenced by the voices of poor women.
WHAT HAVE MAMPU PARTNERS ACHIEVED?
Since its commencement in 2013, 110 CSOs are now work through MAMPU, reaching 936 villages across 145 Districts and 27 Provinces of Indonesia. Altogether, MAMPU CSO partners have formed 2,200 local women’s groups, with 52,000 women (and 2,300 men) as members. A recent qualitative study of 8 of MAMPU’s women’s groups showed how membership in these groups builds confidence, skills, and supports women to wield influence in their local contexts.
Through MAMPU, CSOs are engaging more with policy makers, and doing so with ‘greater voice and influence’. The government is showing interest in the models CSOs have developed to improve women’s access to services. Between May 2016 and March 2017 twelve significant government policy decisions were taken with the input of MAMPU partners. These policies address four of MAMPU’s thematic areas, and have significant potential to benefit 720,000 women by 2020 through improved access to services*.
For example, in Central Java a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed for joint implementation for handling cases of violence against women. As a result of Government funding for expansion at the subnational level, KAPAL Perempuan’s Women’s School concept has been replicated in Pangkajene Island Regency.
On 31 May 2017, 8 Ministries signed a joint MoU to commence trials of the Government’s DESMIGRATIF program (Productive Migrant Village) which draws on the success of Migrant CARE’s DESBUMI model of servicing female migrant workers before, during and after they return.
*Estimate calculated using government and World Bank data sources.
(Data June 2017, from MAMPU internal database MANIS)